Heritage Buildings

Heritage buildings are an integral part of architectural history of Sindh, many of which have great value in our cultural inheritance. Sindh is renowned for its well preserved architectural heritage, including colonial-era buildings, presenting a variety and unity. In order to preserve and protect ancient places and objects of architectural, historical, archaeological, artistic, ethnological, anthropological and national interest in the province Sindh Assembly has enacted Sindh Cultural Heritage (Preservation) Act, 1994. Accordingly, an Advisory Committee of the Government of Sindh has been constituted under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary Sindh and consists of six other members half of whom are professionals in the fields of architecture, archaeology, history, conservation, etc. The Government of Sindh, on recommendation of the Advisory Committee, or otherwise, after receiving an information, may declare any place / object of historical, cultural and architectural value to be protected heritage. A notification in this regard is issued and duly published in the leading daily newspapers for information of the owner(s) for filing objections, if any, within one month of such publication. There is a Technical Committee of the Advisory Committee which has evolved comprehensive criteria (quantitative evaluation form) for declaring any property as protected heritage. Once a property is declared as a protected heritage and if, after hearing the objections, the notification is confirmed, even the owner of the property can made alterations in its facade, architecture or structure, without obtaining formal approval of the Advisory Committee. There is a set criterion for de-listing of the protected heritage building. The requests placed before Culture Department for de-listing, are placed before the Advisory Committee, which refers the same to Technical Committee. The said committee considers the grounds of such a request and prepares its report. The final decision lies with the Advisory Committee. Culture Department provides secretariat support to the Advisory Committee and Secretary Culture is Member Secretary of the said committee.

Graveyard Makli Hill, Thatta

Makli is a vast grave having graves made of boulders and plastered with lime chiroli etc. belonging to the period of Summa dynasty.

Makli Necropolis is one of the largest funerary sites in the world, spread over an area of 10 square kilometres near the city of Thatta, in the Pakistani province of Sindh. The site houses approximately 500,000 to 1 million tombs built over the course of a 400 year period. Makli Necropolis features several large funerary monuments belonging to royalty, various Sufi saints, and esteemed scholars. The site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981 as an "outstanding testament" to Sindhi civilization between the 14th and 18th centuries.

Mohenjodaro, Larkana

Mohen Jo daro is located in the Larkano District of Sindh, Pakistan, on a Pleistocene ridge in the middle of the flood plain of the Indus River Valley, around 28 kilometers (17 mi) from the town of Larkano.

The ridge was prominent during the time of the Indus Valley Civilization, allowing the city to stand above the surrounding plain, but the flooding of the river has since buried most of the ridge in deposited silt. The site occupies a central position between the Indus River and the Gharr-Hakra River. The Indus still flows to the east of the site. But the riverbed of the Gharr Hakra on the western side is now dry. Mohenjo-Daro was most likely one of the largest cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization (after Harappa. Another important IVC site, which is located to the north of Mohen Jo daro in Punjab. Pakistan).